Biology is the science of life and it includes the study of life processes and living organisms from molecular level, to unicellular and multicellular life forms, to populations and communities of flora and fauna and their dynamic interactions within an ecosystem


The OCR Biology A specification is divided into six teaching modules. Practical work forms the basis of how we teach the course, hence the first module taught is ‘Development of practical skills’. Senior girls will be expected to plan, implement, analyse and evaluate practical work in the majority of viable topics and some of the evidence from this work is then used for the assessed Practical Endorsement.

‘Foundations in biology’ considers the structural, biochemical and functional similarities of living organisms. A solid understanding of this is fundamental to further study of biology. ‘Exchange and transport’ explores the structure and function of gas exchange and transport systems in a range of animals and in terrestrial plants. ‘Biodiversity, evolution & disease’ explores how organisms are classified and the ways in which biodiversity can be measured. An understanding of the variety of pathogenic organisms and the way in which plants and animals have evolved defences to deal with disease is gained through his module. In ‘Communication, homeostasis & energy’ we study how plants and animals respond to stimuli, namely the biochemical pathways of photosynthesis and respiration, with an emphasis on the formation and use of ATP as the source of energy for biochemical processes . Finally, ‘Genetics, evolution & ecosystems’ covers the role of genes in regulating and controlling cell function and development, including heredity and the mechanisms of evolution and speciation.

The course provides breadth and depth, while also allowing an infinite possibility for tangents, research, discussion, additional reading and further study.


The biology department has many extra-curricular clubs that are completely organised and led by our senior biologists; Dissection Society, Natural History Society, Medical Society and Veterinary Society have all been running for a number of years. Activities have included dissecting a piglet, painting with maggots, learning about the physiology of a race horse and listening to medical experts.

We also have a large number of girls participating in the Biology Challenge, the Intermediate Olympiad and the British Biology Olympiad each year, with an impressive number of medallists. A smaller number of our senior girls write essays for competitions such as the ZSL Prince Philip Award and Marsh Prize, the Peterhouse Kelvin Science Prize and the Corpus Christi Schools Science Prize. Our Senior Scholarship entrants have recently included essays on a variety of topics including: ‘Building a microbial fuel cell: How I made electricity from sludge’ and ‘Anticipating aggression: Do captive chacma baboons groom more than normal before their expected feeding time?’

We have a popular annual residential fieldtrip to Pembrokeshire at the end of the VII to explore rocky shore ecology and sand dune succession in a wonderful outdoor setting. In 2014 we ran a joint biology and geography expedition to the Galapagos Islands, to see first-hand why Darwin's visit in 1835 had such a resounding impact on the formation of his Theory of Natural Selection. We are keen to launch another similar trip in the near future – watch this space!


A large number of girls go on to biology related degrees, such as medicine, biochemistry and natural sciences. In addition, courses like human sciences and experimental psychology have been popular recently. Some of our senior girls just study biology A level because they enjoy it, before going in a completely different direction, and that’s okay too!

‘Don’t become a mere recorder of facts, but try to penetrate the mystery of their origin’
Ivan Pavlov

Qualification: A level

Board: OCR (A)

Mode of Assessment: 100% examination with Practical Endorsement (Pass/Fail)